Hepatobiliary disease is any disorder of the hepatobiliary system that impairs its normal function. The disease can range from minor infection or scarring to serious conditions such as cancer. The organs of the hepatobiliary system are the liver, gallbladder and bile ducts.
Cancer is the uncontrolled division of abnormal cells. Colorectal cancer (bowel cancer) occurs in the colon or the rectum, the major parts of the large intestine that function to store and expel waste products of digested food. Most colorectal cancer begins as a mass of abnormal cells called a polyp.
Colon cancer is the growth of rapidly dividing cells in the large intestine. Cancer of the colon develops from polyps, the small and non-cancerous growths of tissues. Colon cancer usually begins in glands lining the colon and rectum. Colon cancer initially begins as a non-cancerous tumor and gradually develops into cancer which spreads to other tissues.
Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease. Inflammatory bowel diseases are characterized by chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. In ulcerative colitis, inflammation occurs in the innermost lining of the large intestine (colon) and rectum and can cause the development of sores or ulcers.
Colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease. Inflammatory bowel diseases are characterized by chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. In Colitis, inflammation occurs in the innermost lining of the large intestine (colon) and rectum and can cause the development of sores or ulcers.
Rectal bleeding refers to the passage of blood through the anus along with the stools. The rectum is the last part of the large intestine present just above the anus. Rectal bleeding is referred to as bright red to dark maroon colored blood passing along with stools through the anus.
The intestine is divided into the large and small intestines. The large intestine absorbs nutrients from the food that you eat and pushes the remaining undigested waste towards the anus. High fibrous foods like fruits and vegetables soften the undigested material and help in easy movement of stools.
It is an inability of a person to control bowel movements resulting in leakage from the rectum. It is also called fecal incontinence. The chances of older individuals developing bowel incontinence are higher than young individuals. The degree of incontinence varies from minimum to complete loss of control.
Liver masses or lesions are a group of abnormal cells in your liver. They appear as a solid mass or nodules that can be differentiated from the normal liver tissue. The liver is one of the largest organs of the human body and is situated in the upper right portion of your abdomen.
Eosinophilia is a chronic disorder ensuing from the extreme production of eosinophils, either in the blood or in body tissues. Eosinophils are a type of white blood cell that resists infections and plays a role in the body's immune response.
Belching is the act of expelling excess air from your stomach through the mouth. It is caused due to swallowing excess air while eating or drinking too fast, talking while eating, not chewing food properly, drinking carbonated beverages, chewing gum or sucking on hard candies, acid reflux (heartburn), stomach infection or stomach inflammation.
Hiatal hernia is a condition characterized by a protrusion of the upper part of the stomach through the diaphragm. The diaphragm is a muscular layer present between the abdominal cavity and the chest cavity and aids in breathing. It has an opening called the hiatus through which the esophagus or food pipe passes to reach the stomach.
Achalasia is a condition characterized by a protrusion of the upper part of the stomach through the diaphragm. The diaphragm is a muscular layer present between the abdominal cavity and the chest cavity and aids in breathing. It has an opening called the hiatus through which the esophagus or food pipe passes to reach the stomach.
Gastrointestinal (GI) diseases occur due to structural and functional abnormalities of the stomach and intestine. They can range from common digestive problems such as diarrhea, nausea and abdominal cramps to chronic disorders including Crohn’s disease, celiac disease, acid reflux, gallstones, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), colitis or cancer.
Hemorrhoids may be external or internal. If they develop inside the rectum, they are called internal hemorrhoids. External hemorrhoids develop around the anus just below the skin. Some of the external hemorrhoids develop blood clots and are quite painful. They are called thrombosed hemorrhoids. Another type of piles is so large that they often protrude during defaecation. They are called prolapsing piles.
Pancreatobiliary diseases are disorders or abnormalities of the pancreas, bile ducts, or gallbladder. The different types of disorders that may occur in these structures include obstruction, leakage, tumors, and lesions resulting in a variety of gastrointestinal problems.
The gallbladder is a small organ below the liver that stores a fluid called bile, necessary for fat digestion. The bile duct carries bile from the gallbladder to the small intestine. Choledocholithiasis is the presence of gallstones in the bile duct, causing obstruction.
Esophageal disorders are diseases or conditions that affect the structure and function of the esophagus, the muscular tube that connects the throat to the stomach and serves to transport food and liquids from the oral cavity to the stomach. If left untreated, esophageal disorders can lead to malnutrition and other serious health complications.